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Quiz Answers
20 February 2020

Biosecurity quiz answers:

1. What is the name of the Ministry responsible for New Zealand biosecurity?
Ministry for Primary Industries

2. Within the Ministry, what branch is responsible for border biosecurity in New Zealand?

Biosecurity New Zealand

3. KVH and NZ Avocado are both GIA signatories.  What does GIA stand for and what is it about?

GIA stands for Government Industry Agreement. It is an agreement between government and industries to improve biosecurity readiness and response through shared decision making, shared responsibility and shared costs when managing biosecurity threats. 

4. Name three activities that a grower can do on-orchard to reduce the impact or spread of a future biosecurity incursion?
There are a wide range of practices including, but not limited to:
-    Understand your risks
-    Agree what must happen on site (e.g. limit orchard access and ensure  all visitors are biosecurity aware)
-    Ensure all plant material brought on-site is pest and disease free (e.g. KPCS certified)
-    Check and clean (sanitise tools, provide wash down facilities, foot baths, ensure everything is free of plant material and soil before entering an orchard)
-    Report the unusual

5. What is the name of the organism that caused an ongoing response in Auckland in 2019? You get an extra point for naming the specific organism.
Fruit fly - specifically Queensland Fruit Fly

6. Name two biosecurity threats to kiwifruit or avocados that are not present in New Zealand, excluding fruit flies and Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB).
-    Spotted Lanternfly
-    Ceratocystis Fimbriata
-    Verticillium Wilt
-    White Peach Scale
-    Non-New Zealand strains of Psa
-    Phytophthoras
-    Xylella fastidiosa

7. TMBC is a biosecurity initiative using collaboration to increase biosecurity excellence in the Bay of Plenty. What does TMBC stand for?
Tauranga Moana Biosecurity Capital

8. Name three major pathways in which BMSB can enter New Zealand.

-    Passengers
-    Mail
-    Vessels
-    Containers
-    Vehicles and machinery

9. What is the high-risk season for BMSB? Why?
September through to April, with the summer months being of most risk. This is the high-risk season as BMSB overwinter in the northern hemisphere in inanimate objects that are traded internationally, making them a hitchhiking risk for New Zealand.

10. What should you do if you observe plants with unusual symptoms or see an organism that may be a new invasive pest on your orchard? Extra point for knowing the number to call.
-    You should catch it, snap it, and report it.
-    Call KVH on 0800 665 825 or MPI on 0800 80 99 66
-    Tag the vine and/or capture the organism (if mobile)
-    Take pictures

11. What are two ways that a new pest or disease could be introduced into an orchard?
-    Machinery/eqiupment
-    Shoes
-    Visitors
-    Tools (i.e. pruning tools)
-    Wind and water
-    Infected plant material
-    Organic inputs (i.e. mulch & compost)

12. Name the biological control approved for use in a BMSB incursion in New Zealand?

Samurai Wasp

13. Many consider biosecurity as a single line of defence. However, the New Zealand biosecurity system is made up of several layers. There are three of them – can you name them all?
-    Pre border (including regulation/international trade agreements/standard setting)
-    Border (including airports, ports, mail, transitional facilities)
-    Post border (including incursion and response/surveillance/long-term management)

14. What type of organism is Xylella fastidiosa?
It is a bacteria

Kiwifruit Vine Health

25 Miro St
Mount Maunganui
Tauranga 3116

Tel:  0800 665 825
Fax: 07 574 7591