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Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
Biosecurity risk at a glance
21 February 2019
The latest KVH Dashboard is now available, providing a quick overview of biosecurity risk and the work KVH is doing to manage risk for the kiwifruit industry. The Dashboard is produced to give...
Biosecurity risk at a glance
21 February 2019

The latest KVH Dashboard is now available, providing a quick overview of biosecurity risk and the work KVH is doing to manage risk for the kiwifruit industry.

The Dashboard is produced to give growers and the industry a one-page view of current biosecurity threat levels and our ability to manage these threats should they arrive here.

Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
Are you a biosecurity quizmaster?
21 February 2019
KVH was a proud supporter of the 2019 Bay of Plenty Young Fruit Grower competition which was held in conjunction with the Te Puke A&P show on Saturday 9 February. KVH provided a biosecurity quiz...
Are you a biosecurity quizmaster?
21 February 2019

KVH was a proud supporter of the 2019 Bay of Plenty Young Fruit Grower competition which was held in conjunction with the Te Puke A&P show on Saturday 9 February.

KVH provided a biosecurity quiz to the eight competitors – congratulations to Georgia Guy-Williams from Apata for winning the quiz and to Alex Ashe from Farmlands Te Puna for achieving overall winner for Bay of Plenty Young Fruit Grower of the Year.

Below is the quiz put to the competitors, who delighted us with their biosecurity knowledge by scoring an average of 80%. How does your biosecurity knowledge compare? Test yourself before checking the answers at the end of this page. Good luck!

1.      Why is biosecurity important to New Zealand and our primary industries?

2.      Who is the current Minister for Biosecurity?

3.      Psa is still an important biosecurity issue for our industry. Name two controls under the National Psa Pest Management Plan designed to prevent further spread of Psa.

4.     Biosecurity is everyone’s responsibility. What are three important actions that you can do in your role to improve our biosecurity?

5.     Movement of plant material can spread unwanted pests or diseases. Name two biosecurity related actions or considerations when sourcing new rootstock for an orchard.

6.     Travelling overseas is exciting but can lead to the introduction of pests and diseases to New Zealand. To reduce risk, what should you do if visiting a kiwifruit orchard (or other rural areas) overseas before returning home?

7.      Imagine you have just imported a tractor from Italy. Name a potential biosecurity risk that could be associated with this import and what can you do to reduce this risk.

8.     Why is traceability important for biosecurity?

9.     One of the shield bugs below is a Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB). The other is a species commonly found in New Zealand. Choose the BMSB and give two reasons for your choice.

10.   What is this?

11.   This pest is a biosecurity threat to kiwifruit, what is it?

12.   Not all pathogens can be spread in the wind like Psa, what is another way that pathogens can spread between orchards?

13.   Name two pathogens not present in New Zealand that are biosecurity threats to our industry.

Find the answers here 

Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
Summer stats from the border
21 February 2019
Biosecurity New Zealand reports a busy summer so far for quarantine officers at Auckland International Airport, with a record number of international arrivals in December – up 3.4% to 529,443...
Summer stats from the border
21 February 2019

Biosecurity New Zealand reports a busy summer so far for quarantine officers at Auckland International Airport, with a record number of international arrivals in December – up 3.4% to 529,443 passengers. Here are some interesting numbers:

·         On average, 17,079 people went through biosecurity processes each day (up from 16,520 the year before).

·         The busiest day was 23 December, with 19,500 arrivals.

·         Even though arrival numbers have increased, clearance times have decreased. The average processing time for low-risk passengers was six minutes and 51 seconds (down from seven minutes and 26 seconds the year before).

·         Compliance for passengers coming through the Green Lane system with nothing to declare is at 99.4%.

·         So far this high-risk season, biosecurity staff at the airport have intercepted 13 stink bugs (compared to four the year before).

·         There were 1,040 infringement notices issued by biosecurity staff in December.

In other news from the frontline:

·         New x-ray screening technology is being trialled in Auckland. Called Real Time Tomography (RTT), the machine technology provides clear three-dimensional images that can easily be zoomed in on. Eventually, individual bags will be screened before passengers pick them up at baggage carousels, resulting in faster and more accurate processing of passengers.

·         A recent front-page story in the NZ Herald highlighted the level of public support for taking a hard line on travellers who don’t follow biosecurity rules. The story was about an elderly woman failing to declare some nectarines at Wellington airport, on her way from Australia to the Hawke’s Bay for her annual holiday. The nectarines could have contained fruit fly and the woman was a regular traveller to a major growing area - at last count, there were nearly 900 favourable comments about the strong action taken by Biosecurity New Zealand on the NZ Herald Facebook page.

Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
In the news
21 February 2019
Watching out for stink bugs: Agriculture Victoria biosecurity officers are on the lookout for any sign of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) after a detection in the south east of Melbourne...
In the news
21 February 2019

Watching out for stink bugs: Agriculture Victoria biosecurity officers are on the lookout for any sign of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) after a detection in the south east of Melbourne recently and have made an interesting video about their trapping and surveillance activities, featuring some footage borrowed from NZ officials.

Watch the video on YouTube but please ignore the contact phone numbers for reporting as they for an Australian audience – remember to call Biosecurity New Zealand on 0800 80 99 66 to report anything unusual.

Keep your enemies close: When it comes to bioprotection, knowing your enemy is half the battle. In a pioneer project supported by Zespri and KVH, Plant & Food Research scientists went to China to study BMSB and its natural enemy, the Samurai Wasp, at their natural habitat. Watch the video on Facebook. 

King talks mental health to kiwifruit industry: Two-hundred people from the Bay of Plenty’s kiwifruit industry heard Mike King share his mental health challenges as well as ways to deal with improving their own wellbeing and that of their friends and colleagues. The talk – ahead of the kiwifruit industry’s high-workload harvest and packing of fruit – was organised by the Future Leaders group as a timely reminder that high priority must be placed on people’s wellbeing.

Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
Quiz answers
21 February 2019
Biosecurity quiz answers: 1.    Why is biosecurity important to New Zealand and our primary industries? Biosecurity is fundamental in protecting New Zealand’s economy,...
Quiz answers
21 February 2019

Biosecurity quiz answers:

1.    Why is biosecurity important to New Zealand and our primary industries?
Biosecurity is fundamental in protecting New Zealand’s economy, environment and a range of our social and cultural values. It ensures that our unique environment and value of our primary industries are maintained by preventing any unwanted and harmful organisms from entering New Zealand and managing their impacts if they do get here.
 
2.    Who is the current Minister for Biosecurity?
The Honourable Damien O’Connor

3.    Psa is still an important biosecurity issue for our industry. Name two controls under the National Psa Pest Management Plan designed to prevent further spread of Psa.
-    Reporting any suspicious symptoms to KVH within 48 hours.
-    Having an effective crop protection programme in place.
-    Winter pruning and tying to occur before 1 October each year.
-    Commercially viable kiwifruit is harvested by 1 July each year.
-    Psa positive orchards ensure their orchards are not a significant infection risk to nearby orchards.
-    Controls associated with the movement of risk goods that could transport Psa (e.g. rootstock, budwood, pollen, machinery, bins, beehives etc).

4.    Biosecurity is everyone’s responsibility. What are three important actions that you can do in your role to improve our biosecurity?
-    Promote the importance of biosecurity in your every day practices.
-    Build biosecurity requirements into contracts that you create with staff and service providers.
-    Establish a pest of the month campaign in your workplace to educate staff about potential risks and what to do if anything of concern is found.
-    Ensure that your systems are biosecurity robust.
-    Follow the pathway management plan for Psa.
-    Include biosecurity as a standard item on meeting agendas.
-    Get staff training to manage biosecurity risks on the job.
-    Report the unusual.

5.    Movement of plant material can spread unwanted pests or diseases. Name two biosecurity related actions or considerations when sourcing new rootstock for an orchard.
-    Ensure the nursery is meeting KVH requirements and has Kiwifruit Plant Certification Scheme (KPCS) certification.
-    Consider KPCS certification: “full” vs “restricted”.
-    Consider the areas in which rootstock is moving- i.e. Recovery region to Containment region and whether KVH approval is required.
-    Inspect plants upon arrival before introducing into the orchard.

6.    Travelling overseas is exciting but can lead to the introduction of pests and diseases to New Zealand. To reduce risk, what should you do if visiting a kiwifruit orchard (or other rural areas) overseas before returning home?
-    Declare risk goods on arrival in New Zealand.
-    Clean all clothing and footwear that has been used overseas, paying special attention to plant material, seeds and soil.
-    Where possible, do not bring equipment used on orchards overseas back into New Zealand. If you need too then clean and disinfect/sanitise all equipment.
-    Inform border staff if you have been in rural areas, particularly on orchards.

7.    Imagine you have just imported a tractor from Italy. Name a potential biosecurity risk that could be associated with this import and what can you do to reduce this risk?
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) could be a potential risk from Italy. Ensure import guidelines for these goods are followed according to MPI standards. Check goods on arrival to ensure that nothing has remained on the tractor before allowing it into the orchard. Also accept any other biosecurity risks that could be present either as hitchhikers or on plant material or soil contaminants.

8.    Why is traceability important for biosecurity?
Traceability is an essential component for biosecurity surveillance, response and management.

Tracing where goods have come from and are going to, allows for a rapid understanding of movements when biosecurity threats occur. It assists in understanding and delimiting the spread and helps to determine the best management approach when responding to a threat.  It also provides our trading partners with assurances that the goods they are receiving are safe, and free of pests and diseases.

9.    One of the shield bugs below is a BMSB. The other is a species commonly found in New Zealand. Choose the BMSB and give two reasons for your choice.
The BMSB is on the left. Reasons: larger size (about the size of a 10-cent coin), white banding on the antennae, and alternate markings on the abdomen.



10.    What is this?
It is a BMSB nymph.



11.    This pest is a biosecurity threat to kiwifruit, what is it?
Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula)



12.    Not all pathogens can be spread in the wind like Psa, what is another way that pathogens can spread between orchards?
-    On tools/machinery used between orchards
-    With people movements/footwear
-    Animals
-    Grafting of infected material
-    Insect Vectors
-    Rain
-    Through the soil


13.    Name two pathogens not present in New Zealand that are biosecurity threats to our industry?
-    Accept any pathogens that feature on our priority pest list however common examples include:
-    Brazilian Wilt (Ceratocystis fimbriata)
-    Phytophthoras
-    Verticillium Wilt
-    Non-New Zealand Psa strains

Company Notices
21 February 2019
New look for the KVH website
21 February 2019
We’ve refreshed the homepage of our website to make it easier to use and so that you can quickly access the most used resources we offer. The homepage now contains the red KVH logo front and...
New look for the KVH website
21 February 2019

We’ve refreshed the homepage of our website to make it easier to use and so that you can quickly access the most used resources we offer.

The homepage now contains the red KVH logo front and centre; sections for growers and nurseries to click on and get all the information they need; and new buttons to access to the most used pages with one click – namely the Psa risk model, the list of kiwifruit’s most unwanted threats, and the current list of protective spray products. 

Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
Biosecurity micro-credential programme
21 February 2019
The Primary Industry Training Organisation (ITO), together with the horticulture industry and KVH has developed a biosecurity micro-credential (a short, focused piece of learning) to enhance industry...
Biosecurity micro-credential programme
21 February 2019

The Primary Industry Training Organisation (ITO), together with the horticulture industry and KVH has developed a biosecurity micro-credential (a short, focused piece of learning) to enhance industry biosecurity capability. This micro-credential has been developed under the New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) framework, targeting grower owner-operators and supervisors/managers (NZQA Level 5).

The micro-credential content includes biosecurity principles, on-farm practices and an assessment component. It is designed to give an individual an understanding of biosecurity; what risks are present on their orchard/farm; how to prioritise and manage them; and then asks how practices can be put in place or improved.

To ensure the micro-credential is relevant and will provide learning outcomes of value to growers and other industry participants it has been developed with biosecurity managers from KVH as well as New Zealand Winegrowers, Summerfruit New Zealand, New Zealand Apples and Pears, Horticulture New Zealand, TomatoesNZ and Vegetables New Zealand.

The micro-credential programme is now being rolled out and we are seeking individuals who are either grower owner-operators or in managerial/supervisor positions to participate in the programme. Individuals will be required to actively participate in the pilot course, and then undertake an assessment component on biosecurity practices on their orchards to be awarded the micro-credential.

As the programme is still being tested with industry groups there is no cost for participating and all materials and catering will be provided. By agreeing to take part in the pilot, participants agree to completing the assessment and providing feedback to course organisers after completion.

If you are interested in participating in this programme, please email info@kvh.org.nz by Friday 8 March 2019. There are limited places available so please get in touch to be sure you can secure a spot.

What: Biosecurity Micro-credential programme workshop for the kiwifruit industry

When: 10am – 3pm, Tuesday 12 March 2019 (morning tea and lunch provided)


Where: Armoury Room, Classic Flyers, Jean Batten Drive, Mount Maunganui

Biosecurity News
21 February 2019
Returning from overseas or know someone visiting New Zealand?
21 February 2019
Whether returning home from a holiday or visiting New Zealand for seasonal work, everyone has a role to play in protecting kiwifruit orchards from unwanted pests and diseases that could affect jobs,...
Returning from overseas or know someone visiting New Zealand?
21 February 2019

Whether returning home from a holiday or visiting New Zealand for seasonal work, everyone has a role to play in protecting kiwifruit orchards from unwanted pests and diseases that could affect jobs, income, and the community.

Any person in the kiwifruit industry or coming to New Zealand to work on an orchard has a responsibility to manage biosecurity risks when travelling. To assist with this, KVH has developed a best practice poster to help reduce biosecurity risk after visiting or working on an offshore orchard or farm; showing what items need to be cleaned before packing luggage and why; and to explain what people can expect at border control when arriving in New Zealand. You can download and print the poster, or contact KVH if you’d like us to print a larger size for you, your orchard, workplace or staffroom.

Everyone in the kiwifruit industry or coming to New Zealand to work on an orchard, has a responsibility to manage biosecurity risks when travelling. 

Biosecurity News
7 February 2019
Prevent pampas from flowering NOW
7 February 2019
The invasive South American plant, pampas, will very shortly be sending up flower heads.  Pampas flowers in late summer and autumn months and can be a significant problem for kiwifruit crops, in...
Prevent pampas from flowering NOW
7 February 2019

The invasive South American plant, pampas, will very shortly be sending up flower heads.  Pampas flowers in late summer and autumn months and can be a significant problem for kiwifruit crops, in that the thousands of fine, wind-blown seeds produced from each flower head can attach to fruit.  This seed contaminant is a reject factor and may prevent fruit access to some overseas markets.  Ensure that any pampas plants adjacent or near a kiwifruit orchard are destroyed.  There was a huge spike in the number of pampas seed detections on kiwifruit last packing season.

Refer to this previous Bulletin article for information on controlling pampas and identifying differences between South American pampas and the native toetoe.  

Company Notices
7 February 2019
New biosecurity advisor: Erin Lane
7 February 2019
KVH is pleased to announce the appointment of Erin Lane as Biosecurity Advisor. Erin comes to KVH from the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) where she held various roles over her seven years...
New biosecurity advisor: Erin Lane
7 February 2019

KVH is pleased to announce the appointment of Erin Lane as Biosecurity Advisor.

Erin comes to KVH from the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) where she held various roles over her seven years there. She began as a Quarantine Officer in Auckland, working at the port, airport, mail centre and transitional facilities inspecting and clearing imported goods. Erin also worked as an Incursion Investigator, an Adviser in the Readiness and Response team, and an Adviser in the Regulation area, working specifically on Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) regulation.

Most recently, Erin has worked in Japan with the vehicle industry on educating and promoting better biosecurity practices, and more specifically, BMSB management across their supply chain to ensure that the risk posed by this unwanted pest remains offshore.

Erin brings with her biosecurity expertise and experience, with a sound understanding of biosecurity policy, standard setting and risk analysis. In her role at KVH, she will be focussing on maintaining accurate and up to date pest lists to help prioritise readiness efforts. She will be working closely with growers and the wider kiwifruit industry to ensure awareness of biosecurity threats, to support the industry to manage any biosecurity risks, and to help increase the industry’s level of overall biosecurity preparedness.

Biosecurity News
7 February 2019
Fight against devastating disease begins
7 February 2019
New Zealand’s horticulture and wine industry groups have been awarded a Sustainable Farming Fund (SFF) grant to progress research into an invasive and unwanted plant pathogen spreading...
Fight against devastating disease begins
7 February 2019

New Zealand’s horticulture and wine industry groups have been awarded a Sustainable Farming Fund (SFF) grant to progress research into an invasive and unwanted plant pathogen spreading overseas. 

Xylella fastidiosa, currently leaving its mark across Europe and the USA, could have devastating consequences for many horticultural industries, New Zealand’s culturally important plants and private gardeners should it arrive here. 

While kiwifruit is not a reported host of Xylella, KVH is supporting this research effort to give us greater certainty of our status and increase our level of preparedness.

The SFF project proposes a phased approach to better identify the risks posed by the pathogen to New Zealand’s primary industries and enable development of a cross-sector approach to preparation and response should it be found in New Zealand.

During the first phase known and potential impacts on a range of New Zealand’s crop and significant taonga species will be identified, as well as insects with the potential to vector spread.  Phase 2 will focus on education and awareness to highlight findings and their implications. Phase 3 will then focus on developing research priorities to be progressed through a cross sector Operational Agreement for the pathogen under the Government Industry Agreement for biosecurity readiness and response (GIA).

The project is likely to begin early this year and will be completed within 12 months.

The Xylella Action Group was formed in early 2018 under the framework provided by GIA. Membership comprises representatives from many industry groups and organisations including KVH, NZ Apples and Pears, NZ Avocado, B3, Dairy NZ, GIA, HortNZ, MPI, New Zealand Citrus Growers, NZPPI, New Zealand Winegrowers, Summerfruit NZ, Te Tira Whakamātaki, TomatoesNZ and Zespri.

Image: Olive trees in Italy, hundreds of years old, dying from Xylella fastidiosa (National Geographic website). 

Biosecurity News
7 February 2019
Lessons from offhsore in BMSB management
7 February 2019
While Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) is not established in New Zealand, our focus is on preventing it arriving here and acting swiftly to eradicate it should it be detected. However, KVH and...
Lessons from offhsore in BMSB management
7 February 2019

While Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) is not established in New Zealand, our focus is on preventing it arriving here and acting swiftly to eradicate it should it be detected. However, KVH and Zespri are also preparing for how the pest would be managed within kiwifruit orchards if it were to establish here.

As part of these preparedness efforts Zespri recently organised a global BMSB teleconference to hear about impacts, management approaches and research efforts across global production areas. Updates were provided from Italy, China, France, USA, and a research update from New Zealand.

In Italy, BMSB has been present since 2012 but is so far restricted to northern areas. Damage to horticulture has been reported since 2015 with peak damage to kiwifruit production being July and August (leading up to harvest). Bugs are typically found in the morning, at the top of vines, near orchard borders. Growers are setting up nets on the borders of their orchards, using hail nets above and on the sides. This type of netting is considered cheap and relatively effective in reducing impacts to crops, but not eliminating damage altogether as the smaller BMSB nymphs (but not adults) are still able to enter through the mesh. Some growers are experimenting with smaller 2.2mm mesh to provide greater exclusion at keeping the bugs out. Studies are underway in Italy to better understand the use of trap crops, and whether a certain combination of sacrificial crops grown in close proximity to kiwifruit can provide a window of protection until kiwifruit are harvested.

In China, BMSB populations are at their peak just before harvest, as has been noted in Italy. Other research projects underway here have confirmed BMSB has an impact on storage quality as fruit softens more quickly, and orchards with the worst damage need to remove fruit from coolstore earlier as storage life is shortened.

In France, BMSB has only recently been detected in 2018, but already impacts to horticulture are being observed. The use of hail netting around French orchards is now considered best practice, with insect proof netting even better if possible. Researchers have compared Rescue (reusable hanging lure) and Fisher (pyramid shaped lure that sits on the ground) pheromone traps and found that the Rescue type seems to do better with catches peaking in August - in line with general population peak - for both adults and juveniles.

In the USA, a gold kiwifruit grower based in Alabama estimated that fruit loss attributed to BMSB may have been around 50%. Again, numbers of the bug peaked just before harvest (August and September). Traps have been used and caught up to 100 bugs a week. The grower has experimented with trap crops (sorghum, sunflower, corn, soybean, cotton) as well as gardens around the crops. All have shown some potential, but none have successfully controlled BMSB numbers. Chemical trials of products permitted for use on kiwifruit have demonstrated a limited effect.

KVH and Zespri will continue to get updates from across global production areas and share information with growers so that as an industry, we can implement practices that will reduce impacts in the event of a BMSB population being found in New Zealand.

BMSB is the current focus of many research projects within our Kiwifruit Biosecurity Research Portfolio and amongst aligned research providers. At a national level under the BMSB Council (with the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI)) this is mostly focused on improving preparedness for a response to increase the likelihood of eradicating this pest, or reducing numbers to a level that will reduce subsequent impacts to New Zealand.

Kiwifruit Vine Health

25 Miro St
Mount Maunganui
Tauranga 3116

Tel:  0800 665 825
Fax: 07 574 7591

Email: info@kvh.org.nz