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Company Notices
16 November 2017
Put your feedback forward for future biosecurity funding
16 November 2017
Information sent to growers about a proposal regarding the future funding of biosecurity readiness and response activities is available on the KVH website, including answers to frequently asked...
Put your feedback forward for future biosecurity funding
16 November 2017

Information sent to growers about a proposal regarding the future funding of biosecurity readiness and response activities is available on the KVH website, including answers to frequently asked questions about the proposal, and a copy of the presentation being discussed in detail at upcoming grower roadshows. 

KVH is accountable for mitigating numerous dangerous biosecurity threats to the kiwifruit industry, such as the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB), fruit flies and Brazilian Wilt. The list of unwanteds that could impact on our industry if they arrive here reaches over 90, some of which have the potential to reduce OGR’s by 30-50%.

The funding mechanisms of KVH were originally established for Psa and are now out of date based on the serious nature of the biosecurity risks we face and the need to be able to immediately respond in the event of an incursion as part of our commitment to working with government under Government Industry Agreements.

KVH members have already agreed to a biosecurity levy of 1 cent per tray in 2018.  But, 1 cent is the maximum rate of the current levy order and it will not be enough to fund the response costs of a serious incursion. The proposal to address this is to increase the ceiling of the levy to 5 cents a tray, so that the KVH Board (in consultation with industry) can activate the full levy to fund future incursions. 

Based on the feedback received about the proposed levy change, KVH would then decide as to whether to formally request an increase to the Minister for Biosecurity, or not.  

We welcome your feedback on the proposal. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact KVH on 0800 665 825 or by email at info@kvh.org.nz. 

Biosecurity News
16 November 2017
Celebrating a successful local Biosecurity Week
16 November 2017
This year’s Biosecurity Week at the Port of Tauranga was a success with hundreds of people taking part in various activities alongside biosecurity experts and special guest Ruud ‘The Bug...
Celebrating a successful local Biosecurity Week
16 November 2017

This year’s Biosecurity Week at the Port of Tauranga was a success with hundreds of people taking part in various activities alongside biosecurity experts and special guest Ruud ‘The Bug Man’ Kleinpaste.

The week, which ran from Monday 30 October through to Saturday 4 November, highlighted the importance of biosecurity and the role that everyone plays in managing unwanted risks.

Port of Tauranga Chief Executive Mark Cairns said there are passionate people who work on and around the port who know biosecurity is a critical issue and something that affects everyone in one way or another.

“The wider port community is large, with just over 10,000 people operating on the frontline. We had more than 22 million tonnes of cargo move across the wharf last year and there are just over 80 cruise ships arriving this season.  Biosecurity matters because it’s also a significant business risk.”

“Our key message is if something happens, there will be a cost to you, your job or your business, and you need to know what you can do to stop it.”

As the organisation responsible for leading biosecurity preparedness on behalf of the kiwifruit industry, KVH is a key partner in the initiative as it makes sense to coordinate efforts in striving towards the common goal of biosecurity excellence and improving understanding of risk.

By working together, we can protect the kiwifruit industry - and other horticultural industries - from unwanted biosecurity risks. The port community knows that they make a difference by being vigilant and aware of new and emerging threats” said KVH Chief Executive Barry O’Neil.

“Knowing what to look for and reporting anything unusual, including unfamiliar insects or suspicious looking pests will help protect all our businesses.”

Early in the week biosecurity staff from the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) visited transitional facilities throughout the Bay of Plenty to share up-to-date information about managing risk and to learn more about the biosecurity systems in place.


The week coincided with the arrival of one of the first cruise ships for the season and the introduction of a new initiative where KVH staff met tour bus drivers to talk with them about the help they can provide in looking out for and reporting risks when travelling to kiwifruit orchards (and other popular regional sites) with international cruise ship passengers. This was very successful and will be repeated.

The Bug Man visited a local polytechnic, primary school and post-harvest facility, to engage hundreds of people in visual and exciting conversations about the importance of keeping our local communities, industries, and environment free of unwanted threats. Holding interactive presentations and Q&A sessions like this will be something we look at expanding on next year. 

An official function was also held mid-way through the week and was attended by senior staff from government, industry, transport and logistic groups. The Bug Man who kept all attendees entertained and reiterated the success of the group in setting a regional example of partnering to build a biosecurity team of 4.7 million.

Biosecurity Week is part of the ‘Biosecurity Excellence Partnership’ between the Port of Tauranga, Ministry for Primary Industries, Kiwifruit Vine Health, NZ Avocado, Forest Owners Association, Dairy NZ, Bay of Plenty Regional Council and Customs NZ.
The initiative’s goal is ‘no biosecurity incursions coming through the Port of Tauranga’.

A photo gallery from the week is available here.

Biosecurity News
16 November 2017
Strengthening biosecurity at transitional facilities
16 November 2017
KVH is pleased the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) is undertaking a serious security crackdown on transitional facilities. The move aims to stop undeclared risk goods and contaminants from...
Strengthening biosecurity at transitional facilities
16 November 2017

KVH is pleased the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) is undertaking a serious security crackdown on transitional facilities. The move aims to stop undeclared risk goods and contaminants from escaping or being wrongly released or stolen.

MPI will be cancelling approval for any transitional facility that does not meet security requirements by September 2018 (this date allows ample time for existing facilities to come up to scratch), and applications from new facilities will not be approved if they do not meet the right measures. For example, MPI must see locks on containers, cones and signage to keep unauthorised people away during unloading, and fences with lockable gates or equivalent security systems.

Transitional facilities are an important part of New Zealand’s border. They hold uncleared risk goods (including fruit and other food products, things made from wood or plant material, sea containers, used machinery or vehicles) for inspection, secure storage or treatment until they receive biosecurity clearance or are re-shipped or destroyed.

These facilities are a pathway for many of the kiwifruit industry’s most unwanted pests, especially hitchhiker pests like the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB).

Many transitional facilities are located on and around the Port of Tauranga and both KVH and local MPI officers are regularly engaging with site staff - most recently during Biosecurity Week - to make sure they are correctly clearing all goods, know what to look for, and how to report anything unusual. This work is a priority for KVH.

Protocols & Movement Controls
16 November 2017
Insight from latest monitoring rounds
16 November 2017
As a requirement under the National Pest Management Plan (NPMP) all growers of Not Detected orchards in all regions are required to monitor their orchards and report their results to KVH by 31...
Insight from latest monitoring rounds
16 November 2017

As a requirement under the National Pest Management Plan (NPMP) all growers of Not Detected orchards in all regions are required to monitor their orchards and report their results to KVH by 31 October.

KVH has so far received about 50% of these results. If your orchard is Not Detected and you have not monitored or reported please do so ASAP using the online form (or by phoning KVH) to ensure you are compliant. View reporting results by region here.

The value of monitoring was highlighted recently when KVH completed monitoring rounds in Whangarei and North-West Auckland, where a further positive result was identified.

Symptoms were leaf spotting and flower bud browning on several male vines in a Hayward orchard – see article photo.

As there is Psa inoculum around, growers in this region are advised to carefully check their orchards for symptoms and contact their post-harvest representative or KVH to have samples taken if they see anything suspicious.

KVH staff monitored orchards surrounding and including the two positive orchards In Whangarei. Several samples were taken from orchards during this monitoring round but no new Psa positive sites were identified.

Growers in this region have had four rounds of monitoring to complete over the high-risk Spring period. The last round is due to be submitted to KVH by Friday 1 December.

Company Notices
16 November 2017
General meeting to liquidate the KVH Foundation
16 November 2017
Kiwifruit Vine Health Incorporated and the KVH Foundation Incorporated now operate as one entity under the Government Industry Agreement (GIA). The Minister for Primary Industries approved the...
General meeting to liquidate the KVH Foundation
16 November 2017

Kiwifruit Vine Health Incorporated and the KVH Foundation Incorporated now operate as one entity under the Government Industry Agreement (GIA).

The Minister for Primary Industries approved the application late March 2017, which confirmed and completed the legal requirements of moving to a single legal entity - Kiwifruit Vine Health Incorporated - to represent the kiwifruit and kiwiberry sectors from 1 April 2017.


As such, the KVH Annual General Meeting in August resolved to liquidate the Foundation and a subsequent Special General Meeting is being held to confirm the resolution. All members are welcome to attend the meeting.

What: Special General Meeting with the intention to wind up the KVH Foundation Incorporated by passing the required confirming resolution.

When: Tuesday 12 December, 8.30am (prior to the NZKGI Forum meeting).

Where: Club Mount, 45 Kawaka Street, Mount Maunganui.

Biosecurity News
16 November 2017
On the lookout for fruit fly
16 November 2017
The latest KVH Risk Update for fruit fly has been published. Incorporating the latest data from the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) the update includes border interception information over...
On the lookout for fruit fly
16 November 2017

The latest KVH Risk Update for fruit fly has been published.

Incorporating the latest data from the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) the update includes border interception information over the high-risk period so far, and updated surveillance trap numbers.

The risk period for fruit fly stretches over the summer until June so please do remain vigilant, know what to look for, and what to do if you suspect you may have found any kind of unwanted fruit fly. More information about fruit flies is also available on the KVH website.

Company Notices
16 November 2017
Nuffield scholarship awarded to KVH Board member
16 November 2017
KVH congratulates Board member Simon Cook on his recent Nuffield Scholarship award. The Nuffield Scholarship is a prestigious award in the primary sector. It has been awarded to New Zealand...
Nuffield scholarship awarded to KVH Board member
16 November 2017

KVH congratulates Board member Simon Cook on his recent Nuffield Scholarship award.

The Nuffield Scholarship is a prestigious award in the primary sector. It has been awarded to New Zealand agricultural leaders for more than 60 years and provides a 12-month scholarship programme with up to 20 weeks spent overseas, allowing participants to observe and learn about global agricultural practices. 

Simon has been a Grower Director on the KVH Board since being elected at the August 2016 AGM and has governance roles with several other kiwifruit organisations including being a supply entity director, vice president of the Te Puke Fruit Growers Association, and a member of NZKGI’s executive committee.

KVH Board Chair Adrian Gault said that in the time Simon has been on the KVH Board he has demonstrated leadership and commitment to the kiwifruit industry, which will benefit further from the knowledge he gains through this award. 

Biosecurity News
16 November 2017
Nasty weed re-emerges in the Bay of Plenty
16 November 2017
A Maketu, Bay of Plenty, orchard manager is working closely with the Bay of Plenty Regional Council (BOPRC) and their contractor to eradicate a weed which produces hundreds of extremely sharp...
Nasty weed re-emerges in the Bay of Plenty
16 November 2017

A Maketu, Bay of Plenty, orchard manager is working closely with the Bay of Plenty Regional Council (BOPRC) and their contractor to eradicate a weed which produces hundreds of extremely sharp seeds, able to penetrate footwear and vehicle tyres.

Native to South Africa, Spiny Emex (Emex australis) has been present in New Zealand for more than 100 years but has remained very localised to parts of the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne and Hawkes Bay.  It typically grows on light, sandy soils in coastal areas. 

Spiny Emex appears similar to a small-leaved dock.  The three-cornered seeds are formed at the base of leaves and along leaf stems.  They are extremely sharp.

The Maketu kiwifruit orchard was badly infested after an area of soil was moved into hollows when the orchard was developed. BOPRC contractors and orchard staff have been intensively digging out and destroying plants, and more than a tonne of fresh plants have now been removed. 

Orchard staff check their footwear before leaving the orchard. Contractors and staff carefully check the tyres of vehicles.

KVH visited the site this week and was impressed by the dedication of the orchard manager, working with BOPRC, to ensure that everything possible is being done to prevent any further spread of this weed.

If you live in the Bay Of Plenty and think you have seen Spiny Emex on any site, or any kiwifruit orchard, contact 0800 STOP PESTS (0800 786 773) or email BOPRC. If you’ve seen the weed in any other area, contact your local regional council or KVH.

Biosecurity News
16 November 2017
Kiwifruit fungal pathogen workshop
16 November 2017
A biosecurity incursion of a fungal pathogen such as Brazilian Wilt (Ceratocystis fimbriata), could severely impact our kiwifruit industry as it has to growers in Brazil where kiwifruit may no longer...
Kiwifruit fungal pathogen workshop
16 November 2017

A biosecurity incursion of a fungal pathogen such as Brazilian Wilt (Ceratocystis fimbriata), could severely impact our kiwifruit industry as it has to growers in Brazil where kiwifruit may no longer be an economically viable crop.

Kiwifruit has been identified as one of the most susceptible crops to this pathogen which is spreading around the world and a number of new epidemics have appeared in the last 10 years, including on Hawaii where it is wiping out their native ‘ōhi’a tree, a close relative to our pōhutakawa.

While KVH leads industry preparedness for biosecurity threats, Zespri provides a significant financial contribution to research initiatives and manages a biosecurity research portfolio on our behalf.

Last week, KVH held a science workshop to identify research priorities for our most significant fungal pathogens, to be undertaken within this biosecurity research portfolio. The workshop was attended by 25 representatives from KVH, Zespri, B3, Plant & Food Research, Landcare Research, Scion, NZ Avocados and the Ministry for Primary Industries.

Some of the key points from the day that will be of interest to growers include:

  • Brazilian Wilt (Ceratocystis fimbriata) –  the kiwifruit industry has already invested more than $200k into research to improve our preparedness for this pathogen, including pathogenicity screening of cultivars and the development of diagnostic tools, in addition to other work funded elsewhere. However, there are still many fundamental knowledge gaps, such as how long does it take from when a vine is infected to when symptoms are expressed? Could the pathogen already be in New Zealand but not yet expressing symptoms? Is kiwifruit susceptible to Ceratocystis strains in Hawaii as well as those in Brazil? And what about strains in Indonesia, Oman, China etc? From a long list of questions, the group workshopped a priority list that will be used to shape research projects for the next financial year.

  • Verticillium Wilt – In Chile, certain kiwifruit cultivars seem susceptible to Verticillium Wilt. Several New Zealand scientists have visited the region to better understand the pathogen that causes this. The development of a diagnostic tool to firstly determine if it is already present in New Zealand (and if not, detect it should it arrive) was agreed as a research priority for this pathogen.

  • Phytophthora – Rebecca Ganley, a Phytophthora expert from Scion, stated that Phytophthora around the world are evolving and we are constantly seeing new diseases from these pathogens. Just over 10 years ago there were no foliar Phytophthora on Radiata pine trees, now there are three, thought to have been a case of the pathogen evolving to infect new hosts.

    In New Zealand, Phytophthora typically affects only kiwifruit vines in poor growing environments or under stress, but observations from other industries suggest that new aggressive strains could affect vines even in good soil types. There are thought to be around 30 Phytophthora species in New Zealand, and several hundred offshore, potential many more that we don’t know of.

The group agreed that the workshop was an effective way of bringing the science community together to discuss research needs for the kiwifruit industry, and a similar approach will be taken for other groups of threats such as insects, viruses and bacteria.

Biosecurity News
16 November 2017
Psa symptoms ramping up
16 November 2017
KVH has received many calls from growers reporting an increase of Psa symptoms over the past two to three weeks. Many Hayward sites now report significant leaf spotting in male and female vines,...
Psa symptoms ramping up
16 November 2017

KVH has received many calls from growers reporting an increase of Psa symptoms over the past two to three weeks.

Many Hayward sites now report significant leaf spotting in male and female vines, particularly where spray programmes through autumn, winter, and spring were compromised or blocks are wind exposed or have experienced extremely wet soil conditions.

Reports of flower bud infection vary, both between and within individual blocks. Typically, wetter or wind exposed areas are more affected, with 25-30% flower bud loss estimated in some cases. Overall effect on crops will not be known until pollination is complete.  Pre-flower trunk girdles have reduced infection levels on many sites.

More Gold3 sites are also reporting leaf spotting this season. This suggests higher inoculum levels than in past years.

KVH visited some Edgecumbe sites this week and talked with growers who are still seeing active cankers along trunks and leaders in some Gold3 vines. View the photo gallery.

Recent shoot and cane collapse was also not uncommon on Psa challenged sites. Highest infection levels were in a young Gold3 block where strung canes had suffered damage during storms which occurred last autumn (images included in above photo gallery).

Here, for some plants, die-back suggested infection had entered when canes were cut to length during winter, while for others whole scions were collapsing indicating systemic infection within the plant. Scions cut back earlier in the year were starting to produce regrowth which would be restrung this season. Plants put under stress through silting relating to floods were also reporting higher Psa impacts.

In more mature blocks odd canes and shoots were being seen. Often these were associated with older leader cankers some of which showed recent exudate.

Growers are telling KVH that the ability to complete good autumn spray programmes and proactively apply a mixed range of products through early spring has been key to better results. Applying wound protectants to all winter pruning cuts on Gold vines, including all cane ends in younger blocks, was very necessary. KVH is pleased to hear and see that tool hygiene and infection removal was also considered by growers to be necessary “business as usual”.

Overall, the approach of growers is to keep moving through the workload and look forward to warmer temperatures.  

Any new or unusual symptoms should continue to be reported to KVH.

Biosecurity News
2 November 2017
Hunting BMSB in Chile
2 November 2017
KVH was part of a group that recently visited Chile to assist in the response against the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) which was detected in Santiago earlier this year. The trip was part of...
Hunting BMSB in Chile
2 November 2017

KVH was part of a group that recently visited Chile to assist in the response against the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) which was detected in Santiago earlier this year.

The trip was part of New Zealand’s joint readiness efforts for BMSB under Government Industry Agreement (GIA), and included representatives from the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI), NZ Winegrowers, HortNZ and Plant & Food Research. The group met with Servicio Agricola y Ganadero (SAG, the Chilean equivalent to MPI), growers, scientists and industry representatives to discuss the current situation and the threat that BMSB poses to both Chile and New Zealand.

The trip objectives were to better understand BMSB’s distribution in Chile, which information suggests is confined to a relatively small urban area of Santiago, and to test and refine our own response strategies in a real response to an urban post-border detection.

One of the most significant challenges with trying to eradicate BMSB has been the difficulty in detecting the pest when it is present in only small numbers, which is when the window for eradication may exist. MPI has been funding research in the US to develop more sensitive trap technology and overcome this hurdle. The group took 50 of the latest BMSB traps and lures and working with Chilean authorities, established a grid of traps surrounding the area where BMSB have been detected in Santiago.

These traps use a pheromone and chemical synergist to draw BMSB into the immediate area of the lure, trapping them on sticky plastic cards. The lure lasts for 12 weeks and the traps need to be monitored regularly. The delegation conducted the initial check of the traps just prior to leaving Chile. While no BMSB were seen or caught in these traps while the group was in Chile, SAG will continue monitoring and will share data which will provide valuable insight into our own surveillance efforts.

Hosted by Carlos Cruzat of the Comité del Kiwi, the group also visited kiwifruit orchards and a research institution south of Santiago to better understand these operations and establish relationships should BMSB establish and manage to spread to horticultural regions in the future.

One of the key messages for both parties was the effectiveness of New Zealand’s new approach to biosecurity with government and industry working collaboratively under GIA, which commits all parties to come together to improve readiness for future biosecurity events, and jointly respond to future outbreaks.

Under GIA, operational agreements establish the details for readiness and response activities, including the roles and responsibilities of all parties before, during, and after a response, as well as cost-sharing detail.

This was reflected in the composition of the group with representatives from science, industry and government all able to offer different knowledge and perspectives on readiness activities, and able to demonstrate what these activities have achieved for New Zealand’s readiness to date, especially as we do not have the pest yet.

KVH’s activities to ensure we are all prepared for BMSB, if it were to arrive and establish here, include running regular simulation exercises, hosting workshops, and developing joint workplans for how we would manage an incursion and long-term response. View the BMSB Kiwifruit Response Plan (A) for information about how the industry is ready for a New Zealand incursion on the KVH website. You can also read the BMSB Kiwifruit Management Plan (B) online for information about long term management considerations.

Biosecurity News
2 November 2017
Working with the new Minister for Biosecurity
2 November 2017
The Hon Damien O’Connor has been appointed the Minister for Biosecurity in the new Labour-led coalition Government and KVH looks forward to working positively with both the new Minister and his...
Working with the new Minister for Biosecurity
2 November 2017

The Hon Damien O’Connor has been appointed the Minister for Biosecurity in the new Labour-led coalition Government and KVH looks forward to working positively with both the new Minister and his biosecurity staff.

KVH has always worked collaboratively with government and the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) on identifying biosecurity risks to the kiwifruit industry and ensuring measures are in place to keep them out; and the delivery of cost-effective biosecurity response operations as part of the Government Industry Agreement. We will continue to have a close relationship so that we can carry on our work influencing policy setting and decision making that has an impact on the kiwifruit industry.

While it’s early days yet, the coalition has announced several priorities to progress that we, as an industry, need to be aware of:

•    An increase to biosecurity resourcing and a Select Committee Enquiry into biosecurity.
•    Increase support for National Science Challenges, including for piloting alternatives to 1080 and countering myrtle rust and kauri dieback.
•    Commissioning a feasibility study on the options for moving the Ports of Auckland, including giving Northport serious consideration.

The new Government has a very clear goal of establishing a strategy and vision for our primary sector that ensures we have one of the most sustainable, productive and profitable sectors in the world.  KVH believes this aligns well with our strategy to ensure a resilient kiwifruit industry that is protected from biosecurity threats.
 

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Kiwifruit Vine Health

Suite 3, Level 1, Customhouse Building
314 Maunganui Road, Mount Maunganui
(entrance cnr Totara and Rata Street)
PO Box 4246, Mount Maunganui, 3149
New Zealand

Tel:  0800 665 825
Fax: 07 574 7591

Email: info@kvh.org.nz