KVH fully supports yesterday’s announcement by the Government to finalise the Border Clearance Levy on passengers entering New Zealand from 1 January 2016.
The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) carried out a thorough consultation process which the kiwifruit industry was actively engaged with.
KVH supports the levy as it will provide sustainable funding into the future and address New Zealand’s increasing biosecurity risks as more and more passengers enter New Zealand. As passenger numbers coming into New Zealand rise, so too does the risk of unwanted pests and diseases.
The levy creates a funding mechanism that can keep pace with the changing risk profile; and those that create risks at the border will fund the activities to mitigate them.
Click here for more information on the Government’s website.
There are higher levels of infection in male vines this year and we know Psa-V infection in flowers travels through to pollen and can spread onto other orchards.
Growers with little or no male infection are urged to consider making their orchard available for flower picking to support their own and industry stocks. Early male flowers can be collected for pollen without impacting on pollination.
Gowers supplying flowers are asked to assess their orchards to avoid infected areas and monitor pickers to ensure infected flowers are not picked.
All pollen providers must:
Growers should not be sourcing pollen from a supplier who is not registered with KVH – click here for a list of registered pollen suppliers on the KVH website.
While copper forms the base of the Psa-V spray programme through spring, products such as Actigard™ and Ambitious should also be included to provide additional protection against leaf spot and flower bud infection.
Trials have shown these products are most effective when applied before leafspot symptoms appear and most growing regions will be at, or fast approaching, a canopy stage suitable to application (pictured).
The best timing for Ambitious is mid-way between bud-break and flowering; or if two applications are planned, apply three weeks post bud-break, with the second two weeks later. As a guide, shoots should be around 100mm long. Use of this product on Gold varieties is not recommended.
Foliar Actigard™ may be applied as soon as the canopy is sufficiently developed for absorption. If vines are under stress from factors such as wind, frost and drought it may be prudent to delay applications until the canopy is more established. A second application of Actigard™ immediately pre-flowering will assist with Psa-V protection during flowering.
Coppers need to be reapplied to match rate of shoot extension, with all sprays applied at label rates. Maintain comprehensive spray programmes throughout spring, irrespective of weather patterns as risk events can arise quickly. The removal of infected material from canopies is equally important in reducing risk of infection spread.
Growers are reminded Kasumin cannot be applied within three weeks of flowering. Gold3 growers in most regions will be within or close to this window and should now be moving to KeyStrepto™ if risk and weather events warrant the application of a bactericide. KeyStrepto™ may be applied up until one week before the first flower opens.
Hayward growers also need to consider flowering timing to ensure they do not run the risk of fruit residues through applying products outside the allowed timing.
Time applications of bactericides to weather events using the Psa-V Risk Model to assess upcoming risk.
Growers with green blocks at high risk of bud-rot infection should be considering a pre-flower girdle now to manage flower bud infection risk.
Sepal staining and leafspot are beginning to show on some Hayward and G14 blocks (pictured) particularly in colder locations or where higher levels of Psa infection have occurred this spring.
Pre-flower trunk girdling provides a tool for reducing Psa-V bud-rot and increasing fruit-set for both Hayward and Green14 varieties. Best results are achieved when applied around 30 days before flowering. Many orchards are now within, or fast approaching, this timing window.
For best results apply full girdles to both male and female vines and avoid girdling stressed plants. Choose a low-risk weather period, apply girdles to stumps in preference to young scions, girdle to the correct depth and ensure tools are sterilised between plants.
Even if sepal staining is already being seen, trial results suggest there is benefit in applying a pre-flower girdle.
This tool is strongly recommended for at-risk organic sites. Leave some vines un-girdled to gauge the effectiveness of this technique on your site.
Click here for further information on trunk girdling on the Zespri Canopy
Growers are encouraged to attend the upcoming inaugural Kiwifruit Innovation Symposium on Thursday 29 October which includes an interactive biosecurity workshop.
There has been a lot happening in the biosecurity space and the event provides a great opportunity to be updated on what’s happening and also discuss future ideas and opportunities.
The session will give an update on biosecurity threats and the activities being undertaken to mitigate these; and explore opportunities to enhance our system for reporting emerging risks and on-orchard biosecurity practices.
For more information and to book your tickets to the Symposium go to http://zesprievents.co.nz/
The Bay of Plenty Regional Council (BOPRC) has provided details of the 2014/15 wild kiwifruit control programme.
Contractors controlled 4988 wild vines on properties in the Pyes Pa, Omanawa and Te Puke east areas. Most vines were 3cm or less basal diameter, indicating the plants had grown from recently germinated seed. Birds such as wax-eyes spread kiwifruit seed by feeding on unpicked fruit over winter months. Therefore, it is important growers remove all unpicked fruit from orchard vines.
Council recently approved further funding assistance for the wild kiwifruit control programme after considering a KVH submission to BOPRC’s Long Term Plan 2015-2025. BOPRC and KVH will each provide 37.5% of contractor control costs; and landowners will provide 25%. Wild kiwifruit is a containment pest in Council’s Regional Pest Management Plan and landowners are required to control all wild kiwifruit growing on their property.
KVH will continue to work collaboratively with the BOPRC (and other regional and district councils) to ensure wild kiwifruit is destroyed. Wild kiwifruit presents a potential biosecurity risk by harbouring pests and exacerbating further spread if wild vines themselves set fruit.
If you know the location of wild kiwifruit plants, please report them to KVH on 0800 665 825; or if growing in the Bay of Plenty – to a biosecurity officer at the Bay of Plenty Regional Council on 0800 884 880.