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Grower News
10 July 2014
Kerikeri Psa-V progression
10 July 2014
Those who observe KVH’s weekly statistics will have noticed Psa-V has progressed in Kerikeri recently, with Psa-V identified on seven new orchards in June. Last week Zespri’s Shane...
Kerikeri Psa-V progression
10 July 2014

Those who observe KVH’s weekly statistics will have noticed Psa-V has progressed in Kerikeri recently, with Psa-V identified on seven new orchards in June.

Last week Zespri’s Shane Max, KVH Operations Manager, Peter Mourits and Te Puke grower, Robbie Ellison visited growers on newly infected Kerikeri orchards to discuss the situation and options going forward. The team also held a grower meeting which was attended by more than 50 local growers.

Key points from the Kerikeri visit

  • In most cases, the recently infected orchards received fewer copper sprays over the wet autumn weather than other local orchards; and infection was found in less sheltered parts of the orchard.
  • Psa-V has been found in a number of young Gold3 orchards, while disease was not present in neighbouring Hort16A orchards where more regular copper has been applied. This highlights that while Gold3 is more tolerant to Psa-V it still requires regular protective sprays, particularly in wet, cool conditions.
  • Growers were reminded of the importance of continuous removal of all infected material, regular protective sprays and the need for orchard hygiene.
  • Psa-V progression in Hort16A has been slower than expected. This is partly attributed to the warm, dry weather earlier in the year, regular copper sprays over the wet weather and early removal of any Psa-V symptoms.
  • Spray diary analysis shows Hort16A blocks in Kerikeri have had an average of nine copper applications over the last season, compared to six applications on Gold3 blocks.
  • Overall, the management of low vigour males on some orchards was excellent; and its obvious Kerikeri growers are learning from experience in other regions. 
  • Growers have been asked to be vigilant and carefully monitor orchards with the expectation that more orchards will express red exudate when sap starts to flow in spring.
     
Grower News
10 July 2014
France Psa-V update
10 July 2014
During the French spring (April/May) Hayward orchards in the Tarn et Garonne area were expressing severe exudate, causing panic amongst some local growers. KVH Director Craig Thompson visited at this...
France Psa-V update
10 July 2014

During the French spring (April/May) Hayward orchards in the Tarn et Garonne area were expressing severe exudate, causing panic amongst some local growers. KVH Director Craig Thompson visited at this time to understand the situation and his report can be found in the July/August Kiwifruit Journal.

An update from Zespri’s Severine Brun in France, reports those growers who applied a consistent and robust protective spray programme over the past few years have reported little or no Psa-V symptoms; and unlike last spring in France, this spring has been kinder to French growers, with temperatures through June being warmer and drier than the 30-year average.

As a result, less Psa-V symptoms have been observed, flower loss is much lower than last year and growers are generally much more positive about the ability to continue growing kiwifruit in a Psa-V environment.

Hort16A continues to be a badly affected variety and those few growers who are still growing it are trying to achieve another harvest.

Gold3 is looking good, with very limited symptoms, mostly noticed in spring (dry canes and/or exudate on a few vines per block).
 

Grower News
3 July 2014
Kasumin removed from CPS for 2015 season
3 July 2014
Zespri has removed Kasumin® from the Crop Protection Standard (CPS) for the 2015 season while further research is done to confirm the most effective use pattern. This research is expected to...
Kasumin removed from CPS for 2015 season
3 July 2014

Zespri has removed Kasumin® from the Crop Protection Standard (CPS) for the 2015 season while further research is done to confirm the most effective use pattern. This research is expected to confirm the optimal pre-flowering withholding period for Kasumin® and the number of applications allowed in the pre-flowering period.

Zespri has taken a conservative approach to this Psa management tool in this case, as the suite of Psa-targeted products is considered sufficient to manage Psa this season.

Growers can use up to four applications of KeyStrepto™ on producing and non-producing vines for the 2015 season, though no more than two consecutive applications are allowed without using another Psa-targeted product – e.g. copper.
 

  • Between 13 June and 31 July 2014, KeyStrepto™ use is permitted with a Justified Approval (JA).
  • A JA is not required from 31 July 2014 until seven days before the first kiwifruit flowers opening (male or female).
  • KeyStrepto™ must not be used during flowering.
  • An alternate Psa control product – e.g. copper – must be used after a maximum of two consecutive KeyStrepto™ applications.

Refer to the KeyStrepto™ User Guide for detailed rules of use. Growers are responsible for ensuring all use conditions are complied with. KVH no longer conducts pre-use audits.

The KeyStrepto™ User Guide and Site Inspection Record are available on The Zespri Canopy and the KVH website.

If you have any queries please contact Gordon Skipage at Zespri.
 

Grower News
3 July 2014
On orchard workers provide extra monitoring resource
3 July 2014
People working on orchards at this time of year can provide extra resource for carrying out monitoring duties. Growers should be alerting their orchard workers to be on the lookout for signs of Psa-V...
On orchard workers provide extra monitoring resource
3 July 2014

People working on orchards at this time of year can provide extra resource for carrying out monitoring duties. Growers should be alerting their orchard workers to be on the lookout for signs of Psa-V infection, particularly cane dieback and exudate.

Don’t forget hygiene measures should be in place to prevent introduction or spread of infection between plants, rows, blocks and orchards.

Biosecurity News
3 July 2014
GIA Secretariat visits KVH
3 July 2014
The Government Industry Agreement (GIA) Secretariat visited KVH staff today to give an update on the GIA, including where other primary industries were within the process. The GIA Secretariat...
GIA Secretariat visits KVH
3 July 2014

The Government Industry Agreement (GIA) Secretariat visited KVH staff today to give an update on the GIA, including where other primary industries were within the process. The GIA Secretariat facilitates implementation of the partnership described in the GIA Deed and acts in the interests of all Deed Signatories.

As reported in the KVH Bulletin (22 May) the kiwifruit industry was the first to sign the GIA Deed on 20 May.

On 22 July, New Zealand Pork will be the next industry to sign the GIA Deed, representing all New Zealand pork producers.

Like the kiwifruit industry, by signing the GIA Deed, NZ Pork is recognising that biosecurity is a major risk to New Zealand pork producers and that their industry is acting responsibly in taking all possible steps to mitigate this risk.

KVH Chief Executive, Barry O’Neil, spent two days in Wellington this week discussing financial arrangements for GIA as part of a joint working group; and the development of the Operational Agreement for Fruit Fly.

Click here for more information about GIA.

Grower News
3 July 2014
Remove infection during winter
3 July 2014
Winter is an opportune time for growers to remove visible signs of infection from their orchards, including cane dieback and exudate. Ideally, growers should do this before winter pruning. Cut back...
Remove infection during winter
3 July 2014

Winter is an opportune time for growers to remove visible signs of infection from their orchards, including cane dieback and exudate. Ideally, growers should do this before winter pruning. Cut back 40cm from signs of infection.

Removing infection allows pruners to structure vines accordingly and minimise later potential impacts on production.

Click here to read more about winter protection from Psa-V.
 

Grower News
26 June 2014
Heavy rain and Psa-V risk
26 June 2014
Right: The KVH Psa-V Risk Model forecasts further heavy rainfall in Opotiki Continuing wet periods across the country are keeping Psa-V risk elevated. Growers should avoid pruning in...
Heavy rain and Psa-V risk
26 June 2014

RightThe KVH Psa-V Risk Model forecasts further heavy rainfall in Opotiki

Continuing wet periods across the country are keeping Psa-V risk elevated. Growers should avoid pruning in wet conditions or when rain is imminent. Ensure all pruning cuts are protected prior to the next rainfall event and tools are sanitised between vines. Pruning staff should be asked to report signs of new Psa-V infection. Monitoring of males, especially in high risk blocks should be undertaken.

Consult the KVH Seasonal Management Guide—Autumn/Winter for best practice information and guidance. Growers unable to access their orchards because of wet ground conditions may consider aerial applications of copper. Address areas where soil drainage is an issue. Stressed vines are likely to be more susceptible to Psa-V.

Grower News
26 June 2014
Key messages for winter
26 June 2014
KVH has developed a short one-page summary of key messages for orchard best practice during winter. This summary was distributed to attendees at the recent FON winter field days and is a useful tool...
Key messages for winter
26 June 2014

KVH has developed a short one-page summary of key messages for orchard best practice during winter. This summary was distributed to attendees at the recent FON winter field days and is a useful tool to print out and place in staff areas and/or circulate to supervisors and orchard staff.

  • Click here for a copy of the handout. 
Grower News
26 June 2014
Removal of Hort16A canopies
26 June 2014
Growers in the process of removing Hort16A should ensure canopies are well protected with copper sprays to minimise the chances of infection and Psa-V spread.  Ideally, remove any Psa-V infected...
Removal of Hort16A canopies
26 June 2014

Growers in the process of removing Hort16A should ensure canopies are well protected with copper sprays to minimise the chances of infection and Psa-V spread.  Ideally, remove any Psa-V infected material and dispose of it by on-site burial or burning. If removed canopy is remaining within the block, fine mulching and use of digesters to speed break-down of is highly recommended.

Psa-V can survive for at least 15 weeks on the orchard floor in prunings and infected plant debris, presenting an ongoing Psa-V risk. Removal of this material will benefit new grafts next spring.

This recommendation also applies to any canopies where infection may be present.
 

Protocols & Movement Controls
26 June 2014
Budwood suppliers must register with KVH
26 June 2014
Traceability of plant material, whether it is budwood, nursery rootstock or pollen, is fundamental to a successful biosecurity response. It is only by having a complete and comprehensive database of...
Budwood suppliers must register with KVH
26 June 2014

Traceability of plant material, whether it is budwood, nursery rootstock or pollen, is fundamental to a successful biosecurity response. It is only by having a complete and comprehensive database of ALL people that move plant material can effective traceability occur.

Budwood suppliers are reminded they must register with KVH annually, before their first budwood collection for the year, including male budwood. Registration is a quick and simple process. Please do your part to help the kiwifruit industry become better prepared for future biosecurity incursions by registering with KVH.

  • Click here to register via the KVH website, or call KVH on 0800 665 825.
Biosecurity News
26 June 2014
Caution when travelling overseas
26 June 2014
A reminder to all when travelling overseas: be vigilant with biosecurity measures particularly if you have been visiting kiwifruit orchards. Shoes must be free of soil material and clothes worn in an...
Caution when travelling overseas
26 June 2014

A reminder to all when travelling overseas: be vigilant with biosecurity measures particularly if you have been visiting kiwifruit orchards. Shoes must be free of soil material and clothes worn in an orchard environment must be washed before entering New Zealand orchards.

On arrival into New Zealand it is important you declare any visits to foreign orchards to MPI Border staff so they can ensure all necessary measures are taken to prevent the accidental introduction of unwanted pathogens that could be devastating to our industry (such as Ceratocystis fimbriata).

Biosecurity News
26 June 2014
Ceratocystis fimbriata update
26 June 2014
Ceratocystis fimbriata is a fungal pathogen causing widespread damage to the Brazilian kiwifruit industry (see KVH Bulletin, 20 Feb). The disease is of significant concern to the New Zealand...
Ceratocystis fimbriata update
26 June 2014

Ceratocystis fimbriata is a fungal pathogen causing widespread damage to the Brazilian kiwifruit industry (see KVH Bulletin, 20 Feb). The disease is of significant concern to the New Zealand kiwifruit industry and efforts are being made to increase our understanding of the disease—both to prevent it from entering our borders and to effectively manage it should it arrive.

Efforts that are being made to understand this pathogen include:

A full literature review on Ceratocystis fimbriata on kiwifruit and other crops by an international expert in this field. This report is due in early 2015 and will include;

  • Impact of the disease on crop production;
  • Taxonomy of Ceratocystis fimbriata complex which is complicated and has possibly been confused in some instances;
  • How the pathogen has spread and control measures that have been effective on other crops (there are no controls reported to be effective on kiwifruit);
  • Evaluation of Ceratocystis wilt in kiwifruit in Brazil and potential for disease impact if strains aggressive to kiwifruit were introduced to New Zealand.
  • Measures that should be deployed to reduce the risk of introductions of new strains of C. fimbriata to New Zealand and what could be done to minimise losses if a virulent strain was introduced.

Another research project being developed will use molecular techniques to determine the similarity of the Brazilian kiwifruit strain with the strain found in New Zealand kumara. This project would identify any underlying basis for differences in pathogenicity between the strains and would result in a DNA based detection test.

  • Click here to view the investigation report following KVH and Zespri visit to infected orchards in Southern Brazil.
  • Click here to view the KVH fact sheet on Ceratocystis fimbriata.

Kiwifruit Vine Health

Suite 3, Level 1, Customhouse Building
314 Maunganui Road, Mount Maunganui
(entrance cnr Totara and Rata Street)
PO Box 4246, Mount Maunganui, 3149
New Zealand

Tel:  0800 665 825
Fax: 07 574 7591

Email: info@kvh.org.nz